Heart of Europa ... carries together and compiles interesting and worth knowing information about a major European region

The Heart of Europa is a large region in central Europe. It is situated roughly between 45°-50° north latitude and 10°-26° east longitude and is currently divided among several EU members and their neighbouring countries.

Map Modern Heart of Europa

Signpost in Satu Mare

Calpadunnia

It stretches from the CArPAthian mountain range to the Eastern ALPs, embracing the PANNonian Basin with the entire Danube (DUNa, Dunaj, Dunav, Dunărea) river system, reaching the northern AdrIAtic in the west. The region is extremely rich in culture and natural beauty, with dozens of languages spoken and a most diverse history reaching back to the Roman Empire.

Enjoy your tour through the Heart of Europa! If you would like to see some information about your region or town you are kindly invited to send your ideas to info@heartofeuropa.eu.

Find out more about the Heart of Europa!

Conference on the Future of Europe

The Conference on the Future of Europe is a unique and timely opportunity for European citizens to debate on Europe’s challenges and priorities. The European Parliament, the Council and the European Commission have committed to listen to Europeans and to follow up, within their sphere of competences, on the recommendations made. By spring 2022, the Conference is expected to reach conclusions and provide guidance on the future of Europe.
Who can take part?
European citizens, from all walks of life and corners of the Union. European, national, regional and local authorities, as well as civil society and other organisations who want to organise events and contribute ideas.

Conference on the Future of Europe

Did you know?

AEIOU

AEIOU (A.E.I.O.U.) is a historical motto of Frederick III (Holy Roman Emperor, 15th century)
Frederick started using his motto when he was Duke of Styria. It is not known what exactly was meant by it, most of the countless interpretations in Latin or German refer to "Austria". The five-letter abbreviation is still found today on various buildings (for example the Castle of Wiener Neustadt in the south of Vienna which houses the Military Academy)
Heart of Europa proposes a present-day interpretation:

All Europa Is One Unity

Josefstadt - Iosefin - Jószefváros

Josefstadt is a district in the city of Vienna, Austria (8. Bezirk). There is also a district Iosefin in the west-romanian town Timişoara, Romania and a district Jószefváros in Budapest, Hungary (VIII kerület). The names date back to emperor Joseph II. The three districts maintain a partnership.

In March 2019 Asociaţia Culturală Salvaţi Patrimoniul Timişoarei (Association for the Salvage of Cultural Heritage Temesvar) organised the photo exposition Iosefin - Die Josefstadt von Temesvar in cooperation with Österreichisch-Rumänische Gesellschaft (Austrian Romanian Society).

300 years brewing tradition in Temesvar, RO

In 2018, the local brewery in Temesvar, Romania (Fabrica de bere) celebrated its 300 years anniversary. In 1718, 2 years after Prince Eugene of Savoy, general of the Imperial Army, had conquered back the fortress of Timisoara from Ottoman occupation the brewery was established in connection with the improvment of infrastructure for water supply (hot water boilers). Today, the brewery is part of an international brewing empire.

Pannonia & Dacia

Pannonia and Dacia were provinces in the Roman Empire which existed from the 1st to 5th century and 2nd to 3rd century, respectively. Pannonia covered the western part of modern Hungary (west of river Danube), Dacia corresponds to the region of Transylvania, Romania, reaching southwards to the river Danube. The names of both provinces survived until today and are popular in tourism and they are also frequently used in other domains such as geography or transportation. There are the 'Pannonian basin' and 'Pannonian climate'. In general the name ist frequently used in tourism both in Hungary and in the Austrian province "Burgenland". Dacia is the name of an auto brand, the night train D347 from Vienna to Bucharest is called "Dacia Express" and in Romania it is a popular oppinion that the Romanian nation has its ancient roots in Dacia. The landmark Hotel Dacia in the town of Satu Mare, northwest Romania, was previously named Pannónia when the region belonged to Hungary.

Hotel Dacia, Satu Mare in 3/2019, desperately waiting for renovation


Regional

EUnglish

Austrian
AÖsterreichAustriaÖsterreich
GrazGrazGraz
WienViennaWien
CZČeskoCzechiaTschechien
BrnoBrnoBrünn
OstravaOstravaOstrau
PlzeňPlzeňPilsen
PrahaPraguePrag
HMagyarországHungaryUngarn
BudapestBudapestBudapest
DebrecenDebrecenDebrezin
SzegedSzegedSegedin
MiskolcMiskolcMiskolc
PécsPécsPécs
GyőrGyőrGyőr/Raab
SopronSopronÖdenburg
HRHrvatskaCrotiaKroatien
OsijekOsijekOsijek
PulaPulaPola
RijekaRijekaRijeka
SisakSisakSisak
VaraždinVaraždinVaraždin
ZagrebZagrebZagreb
IItaliaItalyItalien
MilanoMilanMailand
TriesteTriesteTriest
UdineUdineUdine
PLPolskaPolandPolen
KrakówKrakówKrakau
PrzemyślPrzemyślPrzemyśl
RORomâniaRomaniaRumänien
BucureştiBucharestBukarest
ClujClujKlausenburg
IaşiIaşiIasi
Satu MareSatu MareSathmar
TimişoaraTimişoaraTemeswar
SKSlovenskoSlovakiaSlowakei
Banská BystricaBanská BystricaBanská Bystrica
BratislavaBratislavaPressburg
KošiceKošiceKošice
SLOSlovenijaSloveniaSlowenien
Celje Celje Cilli
LjubljanaLjubljanaLaibach
MariborMariborMarburg
SRBСрбијаSerbiaSerbien
БеоградBelgradeBelgrad
Нови СадNovi SadNovi Sad
UAУкраїнаUkraineUkraine
ЛьвівLvivLemberg
ЧернівціChernivtsiTschernowitz

In the News

Mura-Drava-Danube 5-countries biosphere reserve

Mura-Drava-Danube 5-countries biosphere reserve

In September 2021 UNESCO declared the Mura-Drava-Danube river system as 5-countries biosphere reserve. The respective region is entirely situated in the Heart of Europa, it stretches from Austria via Slovenia, Croatia and Hungary to Serbia. 13 protected areas of various size and composition (national parks, reservations, Natura 2000 sites) form the biosphere network with a length of 700km and a total size of 930.000 hectares.

Danubian Limes becomes UNESCO World Heritage site

Danubian Limes in Austria and Slovakia

On July 30, 2021, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee decided to add the western part of the Danubian Limes to the list of World Heritage Sites. "Limes" is the modern term for the military frontier of the Roman Empire. The Danubian Limes, or "wet" limes, stretched from Bavaria to the Black Sea. The site was nominated by Austria, Germany and Slovakia. Originally, Hungary was also a partner in the nomination process but decided later to withdraw from the partnership. The Danubian Limes is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage project "Frontiers of the Roman Empire".

derstandard.at - Donaulimes mit Österreich-Abschnitt zum Weltkulturerbe erklärt

spectator.sme.sk - Another UNESCO world heritage site in Slovakia dates back to the Roman Empire

hang.hu - A magyar szakasz nélkül is világörökségi védettséget kap a dunai limes

"Vindobona" train returns to Franz Joseph Railway

31 March, 2021, Lower Austria. Between 1957 and 1992 this representative fast train connected the capitals Vienna, Prague and Berlin in the Heart of Europa, following the historic route of Franz Jospeh Railway. Starting in December 2022, there could be a revival of this direct, important connection. Technical and organisational requirements are under investigation.

Train Vindobona
© Büro LR Schleritzko/Wolfgang Andraschek

noen.at - "Vindobona" vor Rückkehr auf die Franz-Josefs-Bahn? (german)

Flavia Solva Discovery

8 March, 2021, Styria, Flavia Solva. Explorations in the area of the Roman city Flavia Solva in Styrian district Leibnitz have revealed new historical details. An almost 2 kilometer long moat once protected the settlement. Hence, Flavia Solva must have been larger than previously assumed and a flourishing Roman centre. For many decades archaeologists suspected the existance of such a moat, now these speculations were proven right.

meinbezirk.at - Sensationelle Neuentdeckung im Reich Flavia Solva (german)

C5 Foreign Ministers agree upon coordination at regular intervals

15 September, 2020. Austria, Czechia, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia intend to coordinate their activities in the fight against Corona virus at regular intervals. This was agreed upon by the Foreign Ministers of these C5 countries at their meeting in Brdo near Kranj, Slovenia.
"The centraleuropean economic space can move forward and act as a model, independently from discussions going on in Brussels", said Austrian foreign minister Schallenberg at a joint press conference after the meeting. The ministers proposed unified criteria for travel restrictions at EU level.
"In Europa, we are facing a second wave. Therefore, tight cooperation is essential", said Schallenberg, referring to this informal initiative of the five countries. "The common goal is to avoid getting into a situation like in March and April". The foreign ministers agreed upon regular contacts at the level of secretaries general, in order to coordinate national Corona virus measures.

orf.at - C5-Außenminister vereinbaren regelmäßige Koordinierung (german)
sta.si - Zunanji ministri C5 za redno usklajevanje ukrepov za zajezitev koronavirusa (slovenian)

30th Anniversary - Destruction of the Iron Curtain

On June 27, 1989 the so-called Iron Curtain which divided the Heart of Europa in two halves for several decades was opened by Hungarian and Austrian foreign ministers in a symbolic act (cutting of the fence) near the city of Sopron/Ödenburg. This historic event was commemorated by both foreign ministers of the two EU-memberstates and the Head of federal country Burgenland at the very same location which is marked today by a commemorative boundary stone.

Foreign ministers Schallenberg and Szijjártó and Governor Doskozil meeting at the "Grenzstein"
Source: Landesmedienservice Burgenland

Treffen am Grenzstein zum Fall des Eisernen Vorhangs, www.burgenland.at, 27.6.2019 (german)



Heart of Europa on the map

Map Heart of Europa within United States of Europa
Heart of Europa within possible United States of Europa USEU

Institutions, Organisations, Projects

Central European Initiative
is a regional intergovernmental forum committed to supporting European integration and sustainable development.

Centrope
was established in 2003 and comprises a total of 17 cities and regions in four countries: Austria, Slovakia, Hungary and Czech Republic (total area 54.500 km2, population ca. 7.000.000). This position at the interface of four EU Member States provides former border regions with the opportunity of intensive co-operation.

Centrope region Austria-Hungary-Slovakia-Czechia in the Heart of Europa

Österreichisch-Rumänische Gesellschaft
The Austrian-Romanian Society supports cooperation between the two countries in the cultural, scientific and economic areas.

Institut für den Donauraum und Mitteleuropa
The Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe addresses current questions regarding the Danube region, Central, and Southeast Europe to enhance knowledge about this region and promote and develop good neighbourly relations.

Interreg Central Europe
is an EU cohesion policy programme that encourages cooperation beyond borders and supports public and private organisations to work together accross central Europe.

interreg.eu - www.interreg-central.eu

Danube Transnational
Programme is one of the programmes of the European Territorial Cooperation objective, better known by Interreg, funded by the European Union (one of the goals of European Union cohesion policy).

interreg.eu - www.interreg-danube.eu

Interreg
is one of the key instruments of the European Union (EU) supporting cooperation across borders through project funding. Its aim is to jointly tackle common challenges and find shared solutions in fields such as health, environment, research, education, transport, sustainable energy and more.

Czechia - Austria - interreg.eu - www.at-cz.eu

Czechia - Slovakia - interreg.eu - www.sk-cz.eu

Czechia - Poland - interreg.eu - www.cz-pl.eu

Slovakia - Austria - interreg.eu - www.sk-at.eu

Slovakia - Poland - interreg.eu - pl.plsk.eu

Slovakia - Hungary - interreg.eu - www.skhu.eu

Romania - Hungary - interreg.eu - interreg-rohu.eu

Romania - Serbia - interreg.eu - www.romania-serbia.net

Serbia - Hungary - interreg.eu - www.interreg-ipa-husrb.com

Croatia - Serbia - interreg.eu - www.interreg-croatia-serbia2014-2020.eu

Croatia - Hungary - interreg.eu - www.huhr-cbc.com

Croatia - Slovenia - interreg.eu - www.si-hr.eu

Croatia - Italy - interreg.eu - www.italy-croatia.eu

Slovenia - Hungary - interreg.eu - www.si-hu.eu

Slovenia - Austria - interreg.eu - www.si-at.eu

Slovenia - Italy - interreg.eu - www.ita-slo.eu

Italy - Austria - interreg.eu - www.interreg.net

All trademarks, trade names, product names and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.

Trans-European Transport Network - Core Network Corridors

The Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) is a European Commission policy directed towards the implementation and development of a Europe-wide network of roads, railway lines, inland waterways, maritime shipping routes, ports, airports and rail-road terminals. It consists of two planning layers:

The Comprehensive Network: Covering all European regions

The Core Network: Most important connections within the Comprehensive Network linking the most important nodes

About TEN-T ...

4 Core Network Corridors pass through the Heart of Europa:
Baltic Adriatic
Mediterranean
Orient/East - Med
Rhine - Danube

Map TEN-T Core Network Corridors

Motorways

Corridor Rhine Danube - Mediterranean Vienna/Bratislava - Budapest - Níregyháza - Ukrainian border/Romanian border Satu Mare

Map Motorway Wien - Satu Mare

road layout based on © OpenStreetMap contributors 2/2019

Corridor Rhine Danube Vienna/Bratislava - Budapest - Szeged - Timisoara - Sibiu - Bucharest

One section of motorway A1 in Romania between Ilia and Deva was opened to traffic in August 2019, the second section between Holdea and Ilia was opened on December 23, 2019 (speed and weight limitation).

Map Motorway Wien - Budapest - Bucharest

road layout based on © OpenStreetMap contributors 2/2019

Train Connections

The diagram presents a selection of direct end-to-end connections between major cities in the Heart of Europa (1/2019)

In October 2019 Austrian Federal Railways ÖBB announced new direct connections between Vienna and Satu Mare, RO, and Przemysl, PL, starting with winter timetable 2019.

Map Heart of Europa Train Connections

RegioJet Vienna - Prague

EC 143 Transilvania, Vienna - Cluj

IR 72 Traianus, Timisoara - Budapest

ÖBBÖsterreichische Bundesbahnen - Austrian Federal Railways
HŽPPHrvatske željeznice - Croatian Railways
ČDČeské dráhy - Czech Railways
GySEVGyőr-Sopron-Ebenfurti Vasút - Győr-Sopron-Ebenfurth Railways
MÀVMagyar Államvasutak - Hungarian State Railways
PKP ICPKP Intercity - Polskie Koleje Państwowe - Polish State Railways
RegioJet
CFRCăile Ferate Române - Romanian Railways
ZSSKŽelezničná spoločnosť Slovensko - Slovak Rail
Slovenske železnice - Slovenian Railways
WESTbahn
vagonWEB
provides information on European trains, their composition, coaches and locomotives

All trademarks, trade names, product names and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.

History of railway network

Station Satu Mare, built in 1899

History of railway network - Overview
The diagram presents the progressing construction of the railway network in the Heart of Europa which is almost entirely still in use today (1/2019).
Lines are labelled with the year of construction/opening and the respective railway company which built the line.

Map History of Railway Network

Timeline
First Railway Lines until 1867
Geschichte der Eisenbahnen
der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie

Map History of Railway Network

Südbahn Gesellschaft
based on: Geschichte der Eisenbahnen
der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie
Prochaska, MDCCCXCVIII, Band 1-3
(History of Railways in the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy)

Map History of Railway Network

North - East
based on: Geschichte der Eisenbahnen
der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie

Map History of Railway Network

Marchthalbahn
Železnica Moravskej doliny
Morvavölgyi vasút

Marchthalbahn

History Marchthalbahn (PDF, german)

South - Central
based on: Geschichte der Eisenbahnen
der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie

Map History of Railway Network

Romania
based on: Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens, Röll, 1912

Map History of Railway Network

Lost Places

Franzdorfer Borovniski Viadukt

Borovniški / Franzdorfer Viadukt, SLO

Szegedi vasúti híd Theiss Eisenbahnbrücke

Szegedi vasúti híd
Theiss Eisenbahnbrücke, HU

Viaductul Caracău Karakó völgyhíd

Viaductul Caracău / Karakó völgyhíd, RO

Baja Bátaszéki Bridge

Baja Bátaszéki vasúti híd, HU

Temesvár station

Gara Timișoara-Iosefin
Temesvár Józsefváros indóház, RO

Harbour Station Bazias

Danube Port & Railway Station
Baziaș / Báziás, RO

Border Station Varciorova

Border Railway Station
Vârciorova / Verciorova, RO

Ilustratiunea

Timetable train Bucharest - Vienna "Dacia" from Ilustratiunea Drumului de Fier, September 1933

European Capitals of Culture in the Heart of Europa

European Commission > Creative Europe > European Capitals of Culture

Timisoara 2021 officially becomes Timisoara 2023

2000KrakówKrakówKrakau
PrahaPraguePrag
2003GrazGrazGraz
2007SibiuSibiuHermannstadt
2009LinzLinzLinz
2010PécsPécsPécs
2012MariborMariborMarburg
2013KošiceKošiceKošice
2015PlzeňPlzeňPilsen
2020RijekaRijekaRijeka
2022Нови СадNovi SadNovi Sad
2023TimişoaraTimişoaraTemeswar
VeszprémVeszprémVeszprém

Theatre in the Heart of Europa


Theatrescu encourages the information exchange between and offers visibility to artists from the Romanian, Moldavian and Italian theatre scenes. Theatrescu serves as polyglot networker and offers organizational support for cross-border, multi-language theatre projects.

Theatrescu projects in: Milano, Udine, Ingolstadt, Wien, Graz, Timisoara, Cluj, Bucuresti, Iasi

European Cultural News (german)

United States in the Heart of Europa, Aurel Popovici 1906

Aurel Popovici (1863 - 1917) was a Romanian intellectual and politician. In 1906 he published the concept of "United States" in the Heart of Europa, a federation of autonomous states based on national and ethnic principles, 101 years before the EU Treaty of Lisbon was signed in 2007.

Karte der Vereinigten Staaten von Gross-Österreich / Map United States Greater Austria, Aurel Popovici 1906

Weblinks

"United States", Proposal by Aurel Popovici, Verlag B. Elischer Nachfolger, Leipzig, 1906, Austria Forum Web-Book

Popovici, Aurel C., 1863-1917 [Verfasser], Leipzig : Elischer Nachf. ; 1906, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek / Austrian National Library, onb.ac.at

Historical regions in the Heart of Europa

Map Historical regions in the Heart of Europa

1A, I TyrolTirol
2A, SLOLower StyriaUntersteiermark
3SLO CarniolaKrain
4I, SLO, HRAustrian LittoralKüstenland
5HR, SRB SlavoniaSlawonien
6HR, SRB SyrmiaSyrmien
7H, SRB BačkaBatschka
8H, RO, SRBBanatBanat
9RO TransylvaniaSiebenbürgen
10RO, UA BukovinaBukowina
11PL, UA GaliciaGalizien

Galicia is a historical and geographical region in central-eastern Europe, today divided between western Ukraine and eastern Poland. ForgottenGalicia.com is a place to collect, document, share and help preserve remnants of the past before they are forgotten or disappear forever.

12CZ, D, PL SilesiaSchlesien

Imperium Romanum in the Heart of Europa

Map Imperium Romanum in the Heart of Europa - Roman Empire Provinces - Pannonia - Noricum - Dacia - Dalmatia - Moesia - Histria

In the period of the Roman Empire 5 provinces existed in the Heart of Europa from 1st-5th century: Pannonia, Noricum, Dacia, Dalmatia, Moesia. Venetia & Histria were regions in Italia. Provinces were reorganized several times, the map shows approximate borders at the beginning of the 2nd century (in the time of Hadrian).

Museum, Archaeological SiteOpenStreetMap
PannoniaPannonien
AndautoniaAndautoniaArchaeological ParkŠčitarjevo, Zagreb, HR
Aquae IasaeTourist Information Varaždinske TopliceVaraždinske Toplice, HR
AquincumAquincumAquincum Museum and Archaeological ParkBudapest, HU
CarnuntumCarnuntumCarnuntum Archaeological ParkPetronell-Carnuntum, A
GerulataKastell GerulataAncient Gerulata MuseumBratislava, Rusovce, SK
NeviodunumKrsko worth seeingDrnovo, Krsko, SLO
MursaMursaMuseum of Slavonia - Mursa CollectionOsijek, HR
SapianaeCella Septichora, PécsPécs, HU
SavariaSavaria Iseum Savariense
Imperium Romanum Savaria Iseum Szombathely

Temple of Isis, Reconstruction, May 2019

Szombathely, HU
ScarbantiaScarbantiaScarbantia Régészeti Park Fórum Múzeum
Scarbantia Society
Sopron, HU
SirmiumSirmiumSirmium Imperial PalaceSremska Mitrovica, SRB
SisciaSisciaSiscia in SituSisak, HR
VindobonaVindobonaRoman Museum ViennaVienna, A
NoricumNoricum
AguntumAguntumArchaeological Park and Museum AguntumDölsach, Lienz, A
Flavia SolvaFlavia Solva Archaeological Site and Museum Joanneum
Imperium Romanum Flavia Solva

Flavia Solva, artist impression, Gert Christian

Wagna, Leibnitz, A
IoviacumIoviacumSchlögen - Römerbad & RömerparkSchlögen, A
StanacumStanacumRömerburgus OberrannaEngelhartszell, A
TeurniaTeurniaRömermuseum TeurniaLendorf, Spittal/Drau, A
VirunumVirunumMaria Saal, Klagenfurt, A
Archäologischer Park MagdalensbergMagdalensberg, A
RaetiaRaetia
BrigantiumBrigantiumVorarlberg Museum
Römisches Theater in Bregenz entdeckt, vorarlberg.orf.at
Bregenz, A
DaciaDakien
Castrum ApulumApulumRoman Castrum, Alba Iulia HeritageAlba Iulia, Alba, RO
Drobeta
Trajan's Bridge
Drobeta
Trajansbrücke
Castrum Drobeta, Trajan's Bridge Pillar
Iron Gates Museum
Turnu-Severin, Mehedinți, RO
PorolissumPorolissumOpen Air Museum ZalauZalău, Sălaj, RO
SarmizegetusaSarmizegetusaSitul Arheologic
Muzeul de Archeologie Sarmizegetusa
Sarmizegetusa, Hunedoara, RO
TibiscumTibiscumArchaeological Site Tibiscum
Muzeul Național al Banatului Timișoara
Muzeul Judeţean Caransebeş
Jupa, Caraș-Severin, RO
DalmatiaDalmatien
TarsaticaTarsaticaRijeka, HRRijeka, HR
MoesiaMoesien
SingidunumSingidunum Archaeological Site Pionirski ParkBelgrade, SRB
ViminatiumViminatiumViminacium Archaeological ParkKostolac, SRB
Venetia et HistriaVenetia et Histria
AquileiaAquileiaRoman Forum, River Port
National Archaeological Museum & Sites, Aquileia
Aquileia, I
AemonaAemonaCity Museum Archaeological Park EmonaLjubljana, SLO
PulaPolaPula Arena, Augustus Temple, Triumphal Arch
Archaeological Museum Pula
Pula, HR