Heart of Europa ... carries together and compiles interesting and worth knowing information about a major European region

The Heart of Europa is a large region in central Europe. It is situated roughly between 45°-50° north latitude and 10°-26° east longitude and is currently divided among several EU members and their neighbouring countries.

Map Modern Heart of Europa

Signpost in Satu Mare


It stretches from the CArPAthian mountain range to the Eastern ALPs, embracing the PANNonian Basin with the entire Danube (DUNa, Dunaj, Dunav, Dunărea) river system, reaching the northern AdrIAtic in the west. The region is extremely rich in culture and natural beauty, with dozens of languages spoken and a most diverse history reaching back to the Roman Empire.

Enjoy your tour through the Heart of Europa! If you would like to see some information about your region or town you are kindly invited to send your ideas to info@heartofeuropa.eu.

Find out more about the Heart of Europa!

Did you know?

Three Seas Initiative

The Three Seas Initiative is a platform that aims to promote cooperation, first and foremost, for the development of infrastructure in the energy, transport, and digital sectors. It targets new investments, economic growth, and energy security and brings together 12 countries located between the Baltic, Black, and Adriatic seas – Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czechia, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria.

The last summit took place 6-7 Sep 2023 in Bucharest, Romania.

3 Seas Initiative

Weltausstellung 1873 Universal Exhibition Vienna

Erinnerung an die Weltausstellung 1873

The Universal Exhibition of 1873 in Vienna was a major event of many records and impressive showpieces. The Rotunde erected as the centrepiece of the exhibition was the largest dome construction in the world for many decades. The exhibition marked the beginning of a dynamic development process in the economic, technical and cultural fields in the Heart of Europa.

Wiener Weltausstellung 1873 revisited (german)

Österreichisches Biografisches Lexikon / Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften

Photo collection available at Technisches Museum Wien (german)

"Servus" in the Heart of Europa

Enjoy this interesting and entertaining article about a traditional salutation commonly used in many countries in the Heart of Europa:

Forgotten Galicia - Servus, Hello from the Old Days

Courtesy of forgottengalicia.com

In Vienna "Servus" is usually used as a greeting among friends and family members.

Central European Defence Cooperation

Central European Defence Cooperation (CEDC) was established in 2010. It brings together Ministries of Defence from six member states (Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia) and one observer state (Poland).

Today, CEDC represents a security and defence platform for the participants in order to discuss, develop and promote common interests. The principle goal of the CEDC is to contribute to the strengthening of regional security within the framework of EU and NATO PfP by promoting specific regional interests of the Participants. In particular, the cooperation focuses on coordinating EU policies, tackling common regional challenges and threats, initiating projects among armed forces and capacity-building. Being aware that regional security is intrinsically connected with the security of neighbouring regions, a cooperation with Western Balkan partners has also been established.



AEIOU (A.E.I.O.U.) is a historical motto of Frederick III (Holy Roman Emperor, 15th century)
Frederick started using his motto when he was Duke of Styria. It is not known what exactly was meant by it, most of the countless interpretations in Latin or German refer to "Austria". The five-letter abbreviation is still found today on various buildings (for example the Castle of Wiener Neustadt in the south of Vienna which houses the Military Academy)
Heart of Europa proposes a present-day interpretation:

All Europa Is One Unity

Josefstadt - Iosefin - Jószefváros

Josefstadt is a district in the city of Vienna, Austria (8. Bezirk). There is also a district Iosefin in the west-romanian town Timişoara, Romania and a district Jószefváros in Budapest, Hungary (VIII kerület). The names date back to emperor Joseph II. The three districts maintain a partnership.

In March 2019 Asociaţia Culturală Salvaţi Patrimoniul Timişoarei (Association for the Salvage of Cultural Heritage Temesvar) organised the photo exposition Iosefin - Die Josefstadt von Temesvar in cooperation with Österreichisch-Rumänische Gesellschaft (Austrian Romanian Society).

300 years brewing tradition in Temesvar, RO

In 2018, the local brewery in Temesvar, Romania (Fabrica de bere) celebrated its 300 years anniversary. In 1718, 2 years after Prince Eugene of Savoy, general of the Imperial Army, had conquered back the fortress of Timisoara from Ottoman occupation the brewery was established in connection with the improvment of infrastructure for water supply (hot water boilers). Today, the brewery is part of an international brewing empire.

Pannonia & Dacia

Pannonia and Dacia were provinces in the Roman Empire which existed from the 1st to 5th century and 2nd to 3rd century, respectively. Pannonia covered the western part of modern Hungary (west of river Danube), Dacia corresponds to the region of Transylvania, Romania, reaching southwards to the river Danube. The names of both provinces survived until today and are popular in tourism and they are also frequently used in other domains such as geography or transportation. There are the 'Pannonian basin' and 'Pannonian climate'. In general the name ist frequently used in tourism both in Hungary and in the Austrian province "Burgenland". Dacia is the name of an auto brand, the night train D347 from Vienna to Bucharest is called "Dacia Express" and in Romania it is a popular oppinion that the Romanian nation has its ancient roots in Dacia. The landmark Hotel Dacia in the town of Satu Mare, northwest Romania, was previously named Pannónia when the region belonged to Hungary.

Hotel Dacia, Satu Mare in 3/2019, desperately waiting for renovation



Satu MareSatu MareSathmar
Banská BystricaBanská BystricaBanská Bystrica
Celje Celje Cilli
Нови СадNovi SadNovi Sad

In the News

Train Connection Ukraine - Romania reopened

On January 17, 2023 Ukrainian Railways Укрзалізниця, Ukrzaliznytsia reopened a cross-border conncection between the Transcarpathian city of Rakhiv (Рахів) and the small Romanian border-town of Valea Vișeului in Maramureș County, northwestern Romania.

Short as the connection may seem, 22 km, it is an important symbol for linking Ukraine closer to the Heart of Europa.

Furthermore, this track is part of 19th century historic railway route between the northeast of Hungary and the Austrian Empire crown land Galicia. The original track was opened in 1894/95 and featured some impressive bridges, tunnels and viaducts. At that time, the famous Bridge of Jaremcze (міст Яремче) was the world's longest single-arch stone bridge with a span of 65m and viaducts at both sides. Unfortunately, it was destroyed in the 20th century. (see chapter Transport, lost places)

Railway Rakhiv - Valea Viseului

Capital of Culture: Timisoara 2023

Between 17 - 19. February 2023 the Capital of Culture Timisoara launched its opening programme with more than 130 events in three days.

Timisoara / Temesvár / Temeschwar is Romania's third-largest city in the western part of the country close to the hungarian and serbian border. It is an important industrial, commercial and cultural centre in the region and has strong historic and cultural ties to Central Europa. The building of the National Theatre and National Opera is also home to the Hungarian State Theatre and the German State Theatre being an impressive symbol of the multicultural tradition in Timisoara.

Timisoara 2023

Mura-Drava-Danube 5-countries biosphere reserve

Mura-Drava-Danube 5-countries biosphere reserve

In September 2021 UNESCO declared the Mura-Drava-Danube river system as 5-countries biosphere reserve. The respective region is entirely situated in the Heart of Europa, it stretches from Austria via Slovenia, Croatia and Hungary to Serbia. 13 protected areas of various size and composition (national parks, reservations, Natura 2000 sites) form the biosphere network with a length of 700km and a total size of 930.000 hectares.

Danubian Limes becomes UNESCO World Heritage site

Danubian Limes in Austria and Slovakia

On July 30, 2021, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee decided to add the western part of the Danubian Limes to the list of World Heritage Sites. "Limes" is the modern term for the military frontier of the Roman Empire. The Danubian Limes, or "wet" limes, stretched from Bavaria to the Black Sea. The site was nominated by Austria, Germany and Slovakia. Originally, Hungary was also a partner in the nomination process but decided later to withdraw from the partnership. The Danubian Limes is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage project "Frontiers of the Roman Empire".

derstandard.at - Donaulimes mit Österreich-Abschnitt zum Weltkulturerbe erklärt

spectator.sme.sk - Another UNESCO world heritage site in Slovakia dates back to the Roman Empire

hang.hu - A magyar szakasz nélkül is világörökségi védettséget kap a dunai limes

"Vindobona" train returns to Franz Joseph Railway

31 March, 2021, Lower Austria. Between 1957 and 1992 this representative fast train connected the capitals Vienna, Prague and Berlin in the Heart of Europa, following the historic route of Franz Jospeh Railway. Starting in December 2022, there could be a revival of this direct, important connection. Technical and organisational requirements are under investigation.

Train Vindobona
© Büro LR Schleritzko/Wolfgang Andraschek

noen.at - "Vindobona" vor Rückkehr auf die Franz-Josefs-Bahn? (german)

Flavia Solva Discovery

8 March, 2021, Styria, Flavia Solva. Explorations in the area of the Roman city Flavia Solva in Styrian district Leibnitz have revealed new historical details. An almost 2 kilometer long moat once protected the settlement. Hence, Flavia Solva must have been larger than previously assumed and a flourishing Roman centre. For many decades archaeologists suspected the existance of such a moat, now these speculations were proven right.

meinbezirk.at - Sensationelle Neuentdeckung im Reich Flavia Solva (german)

Heart of Europa on the map

Map Heart of Europa within United States of Europa
Heart of Europa within possible United States of Europa USEU

Institutions, Organisations, Projects

Three Seas Initiative
is a platform that promotes cooperation for the development of infrastructure in the energy, transport, and digital sectors.

3 Sease

Central European Defence Cooperation
was established in 2010. It brings together Ministries of Defence from six member states (Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia) and one observer state (Poland).


Central European Initiative
is a regional intergovernmental forum committed to supporting European integration and sustainable development.

was established in 2003 and comprises a total of 17 cities and regions in four countries: Austria, Slovakia, Hungary and Czech Republic (total area 54.500 km2, population ca. 7.000.000). This position at the interface of four EU Member States provides former border regions with the opportunity of intensive co-operation.

Centrope region Austria-Hungary-Slovakia-Czechia in the Heart of Europa

Österreichisch-Rumänische Gesellschaft
The Austrian-Romanian Society supports cooperation between the two countries in the cultural, scientific and economic areas.

Institut für den Donauraum und Mitteleuropa
The Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe addresses current questions regarding the Danube region, Central, and Southeast Europe to enhance knowledge about this region and promote and develop good neighbourly relations.

Interreg Central Europe
is an EU cohesion policy programme that encourages cooperation beyond borders and supports public and private organisations to work together accross central Europe.

interreg.eu - www.interreg-central.eu

Danube Transnational
Programme is one of the programmes of the European Territorial Cooperation objective, better known by Interreg, funded by the European Union (one of the goals of European Union cohesion policy).

interreg.eu - www.interreg-danube.eu

is one of the key instruments of the European Union (EU) supporting cooperation across borders through project funding. Its aim is to jointly tackle common challenges and find shared solutions in fields such as health, environment, research, education, transport, sustainable energy and more.

Czechia - Austria - interreg.eu - www.at-cz.eu

Czechia - Slovakia - interreg.eu - www.sk-cz.eu

Czechia - Poland - interreg.eu - www.cz-pl.eu

Slovakia - Austria - interreg.eu - www.sk-at.eu

Slovakia - Poland - interreg.eu - pl.plsk.eu

Slovakia - Hungary - interreg.eu - www.skhu.eu

Romania - Hungary - interreg.eu - interreg-rohu.eu

Romania - Serbia - interreg.eu - www.romania-serbia.net

Serbia - Hungary - interreg.eu - www.interreg-ipa-husrb.com

Croatia - Serbia - interreg.eu - www.interreg-croatia-serbia2014-2020.eu

Croatia - Hungary - interreg.eu - www.huhr-cbc.com

Croatia - Slovenia - interreg.eu - www.si-hr.eu

Croatia - Italy - interreg.eu - www.italy-croatia.eu

Slovenia - Hungary - interreg.eu - www.si-hu.eu

Slovenia - Austria - interreg.eu - www.si-at.eu

Slovenia - Italy - interreg.eu - www.ita-slo.eu

Italy - Austria - interreg.eu - www.interreg.net

All trademarks, trade names, product names and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.

The Three Seas logo is registered with the European Union Intellectual Property Office.

Trans-European Transport Network - Core Network Corridors

The Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) is a European Commission policy directed towards the implementation and development of a Europe-wide network of roads, railway lines, inland waterways, maritime shipping routes, ports, airports and rail-road terminals. It consists of two planning layers:

The Comprehensive Network: Covering all European regions

The Core Network: Most important connections within the Comprehensive Network linking the most important nodes

About TEN-T ...

4 Core Network Corridors pass through the Heart of Europa:
Baltic Adriatic
Orient/East - Med
Rhine - Danube

Map TEN-T Core Network Corridors


Corridor Rhine Danube - Mediterranean Vienna/Bratislava - Budapest - Níregyháza - Ukrainian border/Romanian border Satu Mare

Map Motorway Wien - Satu Mare

road layout based on © OpenStreetMap contributors 2/2019

Corridor Rhine Danube Vienna/Bratislava - Budapest - Szeged - Timisoara - Sibiu - Bucharest

One section of motorway A1 in Romania between Ilia and Deva was opened to traffic in August 2019, the second section between Holdea and Ilia was opened on December 23, 2019 (speed and weight limitation).

Map Motorway Wien - Budapest - Bucharest

road layout based on © OpenStreetMap contributors 2/2019

Train Connections

The diagram presents a selection of direct end-to-end connections between major cities in the Heart of Europa (1/2019)

In October 2019 Austrian Federal Railways ÖBB announced new direct connections between Vienna and Satu Mare, RO, and Przemysl, PL, starting with winter timetable 2019.

Map Heart of Europa Train Connections

RegioJet Vienna - Prague

EC 143 Transilvania, Vienna - Cluj

IR 72 Traianus, Timisoara - Budapest

ÖBBÖsterreichische Bundesbahnen - Austrian Federal Railways
HŽPPHrvatske željeznice - Croatian Railways
ČDČeské dráhy - Czech Railways
GySEVGyőr-Sopron-Ebenfurti Vasút - Győr-Sopron-Ebenfurth Railways
MÀVMagyar Államvasutak - Hungarian State Railways
PKP ICPKP Intercity - Polskie Koleje Państwowe - Polish State Railways
CFRCăile Ferate Române - Romanian Railways
ZSSKŽelezničná spoločnosť Slovensko - Slovak Rail
Slovenske železnice - Slovenian Railways
provides information on European trains, their composition, coaches and locomotives

All trademarks, trade names, product names and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.

History of railway network

Station Satu Mare, built in 1899

History of railway network - Overview
The diagram presents the progressing construction of the railway network in the Heart of Europa which is almost entirely still in use today (1/2019).
Lines are labelled with the year of construction/opening and the respective railway company which built the line.

Map History of Railway Network

First Railway Lines until 1867
Geschichte der Eisenbahnen
der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie

Map History of Railway Network

Südbahn Gesellschaft
based on: Geschichte der Eisenbahnen
der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie
Prochaska, MDCCCXCVIII, Band 1-3
(History of Railways in the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy)

Map History of Railway Network

North - East
based on: Geschichte der Eisenbahnen
der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie

Map History of Railway Network

Železnica Moravskej doliny
Morvavölgyi vasút


History Marchthalbahn (PDF, german)

South - Central
based on: Geschichte der Eisenbahnen
der Oesterreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie

Map History of Railway Network

based on: Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens, Röll, 1912

Map History of Railway Network

Lost Places

Franzdorfer Borovniski Viadukt

Borovniški / Franzdorfer Viadukt, SLO

Szegedi vasúti híd Theiss Eisenbahnbrücke

Szegedi vasúti híd
Theiss Eisenbahnbrücke, HU

Viaductul Caracău Karakó völgyhíd

Viaductul Caracău / Karakó völgyhíd, RO

Baja Bátaszéki Bridge

Baja Bátaszéki vasúti híd, HU

Temesvár station

Gara Timișoara-Iosefin
Temesvár Józsefváros indóház, RO

Harbour Station Bazias

Danube Port & Railway Station
Baziaș / Báziás, RO

Border Station Varciorova

Border Railway Station
Vârciorova / Verciorova, RO

Border Station Varciorova

Brücke Jaremcze / міст Яремче
Ukraine / Україна


Timetable train Bucharest - Vienna "Dacia" from Ilustratiunea Drumului de Fier, September 1933

European Capitals of Culture in the Heart of Europa

European Commission > Creative Europe > European Capitals of Culture

Timisoara 2021 officially becomes Timisoara 2023

2022Нови СадNovi SadNovi Sad

Theatre in the Heart of Europa

Theatrescu encourages the information exchange between and offers visibility to artists from the Romanian, Moldavian and Italian theatre scenes. Theatrescu serves as polyglot networker and offers organizational support for cross-border, multi-language theatre projects.

Theatrescu projects in: Milano, Udine, Ingolstadt, Wien, Graz, Timisoara, Cluj, Bucuresti, Iasi

European Cultural News (german)

United States in the Heart of Europa, Aurel Popovici 1906

Aurel Popovici (1863 - 1917) was a Romanian intellectual and politician. In 1906 he published the concept of "United States" in the Heart of Europa, a federation of autonomous states based on national and ethnic principles, 101 years before the EU Treaty of Lisbon was signed in 2007.

Karte der Vereinigten Staaten von Gross-Österreich / Map United States Greater Austria, Aurel Popovici 1906


"United States", Proposal by Aurel Popovici, Verlag B. Elischer Nachfolger, Leipzig, 1906, Austria Forum Web-Book

Popovici, Aurel C., 1863-1917 [Verfasser], Leipzig : Elischer Nachf. ; 1906, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek / Austrian National Library, onb.ac.at

Historical regions in the Heart of Europa

Map Historical regions in the Heart of Europa

1A, I TyrolTirol
2A, SLOLower StyriaUntersteiermark
3SLO CarniolaKrain
4I, SLO, HRAustrian LittoralKüstenland
5HR, SRB SlavoniaSlawonien
6HR, SRB SyrmiaSyrmien
7H, SRB BačkaBatschka
8H, RO, SRBBanatBanat
9RO TransylvaniaSiebenbürgen
10RO, UA BukovinaBukowina
11PL, UA GaliciaGalizien

Galicia is a historical and geographical region in central-eastern Europe, today divided between western Ukraine and eastern Poland. ForgottenGalicia.com is a place to collect, document, share and help preserve remnants of the past before they are forgotten or disappear forever.

12CZ, D, PL SilesiaSchlesien

Imperium Romanum in the Heart of Europa

Map Imperium Romanum in the Heart of Europa - Roman Empire Provinces - Pannonia - Noricum - Dacia - Dalmatia - Moesia - Histria

In the period of the Roman Empire 5 provinces existed in the Heart of Europa from 1st-5th century: Pannonia, Noricum, Dacia, Dalmatia, Moesia. Venetia & Histria were regions in Italia. Provinces were reorganized several times, the map shows approximate borders at the beginning of the 2nd century (in the time of Hadrian).

Museum, Archaeological SiteOpenStreetMap
AndautoniaAndautoniaArchaeological ParkŠčitarjevo, Zagreb, HR
Aquae IasaeTourist Information Varaždinske TopliceVaraždinske Toplice, HR
AquincumAquincumAquincum Museum and Archaeological ParkBudapest, HU
CarnuntumCarnuntumCarnuntum Archaeological ParkPetronell-Carnuntum, A
GerulataKastell GerulataAncient Gerulata MuseumBratislava, Rusovce, SK
NeviodunumKrsko worth seeingDrnovo, Krsko, SLO
MursaMursaMuseum of Slavonia - Mursa CollectionOsijek, HR
SapianaeCella Septichora, PécsPécs, HU
SavariaSavaria Iseum Savariense
Imperium Romanum Savaria Iseum Szombathely

Temple of Isis, Reconstruction, May 2019

Szombathely, HU
ScarbantiaScarbantiaScarbantia Régészeti Park Fórum Múzeum
Scarbantia Society
Sopron, HU
SirmiumSirmiumSirmium Imperial PalaceSremska Mitrovica, SRB
SisciaSisciaSiscia in SituSisak, HR
VindobonaVindobonaRoman Museum ViennaVienna, A
AguntumAguntumArchaeological Park and Museum AguntumDölsach, Lienz, A
Flavia SolvaFlavia Solva Archaeological Site and Museum Joanneum
Imperium Romanum Flavia Solva

Flavia Solva, artist impression, Gert Christian

Wagna, Leibnitz, A
IoviacumIoviacumSchlögen - Römerbad & RömerparkSchlögen, A
StanacumStanacumRömerburgus OberrannaEngelhartszell, A
TeurniaTeurniaRömermuseum TeurniaLendorf, Spittal/Drau, A
VirunumVirunumMaria Saal, Klagenfurt, A
Archäologischer Park MagdalensbergMagdalensberg, A
BrigantiumBrigantiumVorarlberg Museum
Römisches Theater in Bregenz entdeckt, vorarlberg.orf.at
Bregenz, A
Castrum ApulumApulumRoman Castrum, Alba Iulia HeritageAlba Iulia, Alba, RO
Trajan's Bridge
Castrum Drobeta, Trajan's Bridge Pillar
Iron Gates Museum
Turnu-Severin, Mehedinți, RO
PorolissumPorolissumOpen Air Museum ZalauZalău, Sălaj, RO
SarmizegetusaSarmizegetusaSitul Arheologic
Muzeul de Archeologie Sarmizegetusa
Sarmizegetusa, Hunedoara, RO
TibiscumTibiscumArchaeological Site Tibiscum
Muzeul Național al Banatului Timișoara
Muzeul Judeţean Caransebeş
Jupa, Caraș-Severin, RO
TarsaticaTarsaticaRijeka, HRRijeka, HR
SingidunumSingidunum Archaeological Site Pionirski ParkBelgrade, SRB
ViminatiumViminatiumViminacium Archaeological ParkKostolac, SRB
Venetia et HistriaVenetia et Histria
AquileiaAquileiaRoman Forum, River Port
National Archaeological Museum & Sites, Aquileia
Aquileia, I
AemonaAemonaCity Museum Archaeological Park EmonaLjubljana, SLO
PulaPolaPula Arena, Augustus Temple, Triumphal Arch
Archaeological Museum Pula
Pula, HR